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Aprilia SXV 450 – 550

77° V twin four strokes. Liquid cooled. Single overhead cam with rocker
Operated exhaust valves, chain timing drive. 4 valve heads with titanium valves.
Titanium valve cover screws.
Fuel: Lead-free petrol.
Bore x stroke: 76 x 49.5 mm (80 x 55 mm).
Total displacement: 449 cc (549 cc).
Compression ratio: 12.5:1 (12:1).
Fuel system: Integrated electronic engine management system controlling ignition and fuel injection. “Hard/soft” mappings selectable from the handlebars.
Throttle body: 38 mm (40 mm).
Ignition: Electronic.
Starting: Electric starting.
Alternator: 340 W.
Lubrication: Dry sump with external oil tank. Separate gearbox lubrication.
Gearbox 5 speed. Supermotard gear ratios: 1st 13/30, 2nd 15/27, 3rd 16/23, 4th 20/23 & 5th 21/21
Clutch: Cable operated multi-plate wet clutch.

Primary drive: Spur gears. Transmission ratio: 22/56.
Final drive: Chain. Transmission ratio: 15/46 (16/46).
Frame: Steel perimeter frame with aluminum alloy vertical members.
Front suspension: Ø 48 mm upside down fork with two adjustments.
Rear suspension: Box section aluminum swing arm with cast body.
Hydraulic mono shock with compression and rebound adjustment.
Front: Ø 320 mm stainless steel disc with radial caliper.
Rear: Æ 240 mm stainless steel disc with floating caliper.
Wheels Light alloy.
Front: 3.50 x 17”
Rear: 5.50 x 17”
Front: 120/70 x 17”
Rear: 180/55 x 17”
Overall length: 2,222 mm
Overall width: 800 mm
Ground clearance: 318 mm
Seat height: 918 mm
Wheelbase: 1,495 mmFuel tank Capacity: 7.8 liters

Honda CRF450X
Engine Type: 449cc liquid-cooled single-cylinder four-stroke
Bore and Stroke: 96mm x 62mm
Compression Ratio: 12.0:1
Valve Train: Unicam; four-valve
Intake Valve size 35mm
Exhaust valve size 30mm
Induction: Keihin 40mm flat-slide carburetor with throttle position sensor (TPS)
Ignition: CD with electronic advance and lighting coil
Starting: Electric and kick
Transmission: Wide-ratio five-speed
Final Drive: #520 T-ring-sealed chain; 13T/51T
Front: 47mm inverted Showa cartridge fork with 16-position rebound and 16-position compression damping adjustability; 12.4 inches travel
Rear: Pro-Link Showa single shock with adjustable spring preload, 17-position rebound damping adjustability and compression damping adjustment separated into low-speed (13 positions) and high-speed (3.5 turns); 12.4 inches travel
Front: Single 240mm disc with twin-piston caliper
Rear: Single 240mm disc
Front: 80/100-21
Rear: 110/100-18

Kawasaki KLX450R
Engine: Four-stroke, DOHC, four-valve single
Displacement: 449cc
Bore x stroke: 96.0 x 62.1mm
Compression ratio: 12.0:1
Cooling: Liquid
Carburetion: Keihin FCR
Ignition: Digital AC-CDI
Starting: Electric, with primary kick backup
Transmission: Wide-ratio five-speed
Final drive: Sealed chain
Frame: Aluminum, perimeter design
Rake / trail: 27.1 degrees / 4.6 in.
Front suspension / wheel travel: 48mm inverted AOS-type cartridge fork with 22-way compression damping and 20-way rebound damping / 11.2 in.
Rear suspension / wheel travel: UNI-TRAK® single shock system with 22-way low-speed, two-turn variable high-speed compression damping and 22-way rebound damping / 11.0 in.
Front tire: 80/100x21
Rear tire: 110/100x18
Front brake / rear brake: 250mm petal rotor with hydraulic dual-piston caliper
/ 240mm petal disc with hydraulic single-piston caliper
Overall length: TBD
Overall width: TBD

Overall height: TBD
Seat height: TBD
Wheelbase: TBD
Ground clearance: TBD
Fuel capacity: 2.1 gal.
Dry weight: TBD
Color: Kawasaki Lime Green
Wheelbase: 58.2 inches
Rake (Caster Angle): 27.05°
Trail: 115 mm (4.5 inches)
Seat Height: 37.9 inches
Ground Clearance: 13.6 inches
Fuel Capacity: 1.9 gallons

Suzuki RMZ450K8
Engine: 449cc, four-stroke, single-cylinder, liquid cooled, DOHC, 4-valve*
Bore & Stroke: 95.5 x 62.8mm*
Compression Ratio: TBD*
Fuel System: Electronic Fuel Injection*
Lubrication: Semi-dry sump*
Ignition: Digital AC-CDI*
Starter: Kick*
Transmission: 5-speed*
Final Drive: #520 chain*
Overall Length: 2182 mm (85.9 in)*
Overall Width: 822 mm (32.3 in)*
Overall Height: 1302 mm (51.2 in)*
Seat Height: 993 mm (39.0 in)*
Ground Clearance: 375 mm (14.7 in)*
Wheelbase: 1482 mm (58.3 in)*
Dry Weight: 103 kg (227 lbs)*
Suspension Front: Telescopic, cartridge-type fully adjustable rebound, compression and pre-load settings*
Suspension Rear: Link-type, spring preload fully adjustable rebound, compression and pre-load settings *
Brakes Rear Single hydraulic disc*
Tires Front: 90/100-21 51M*
Tires Rear: 120/90-19 57M*
Fuel Tank Capacity: 6.4 liter (1.69 gal.)*
Color: Yellow

Yamaha WR450F
Engine Type: 449cc liquid-cooled DOHC 4-stroke; 5 titanium valves
Bore x Stroke: 95.0mm x 63.4mm
Compression Ratio: 12.3:1
Carburetion: FCR-MX39 x 1
Ignition: CDI
Transmission: Constant-mesh 5-speed; multi plate wet clutch
Final Drive: Chain Drive
Suspension/Front: Inverted fork; fully adjustable, 11.8-in travel
Suspension/Rear: Single shock; fully adjustable, 12-in travel
Brakes/Front: Hydraulic single disc brake, 250mm
Brakes/Rear: Hydraulic single disc brake, 245mm
Tires/Front: 80/100-21 51M
Tires/Rear: 110/100-18 64M
Length: 85.6 in
Width: 32.5 in
Height: 51.0 in
Seat Height: 38.6 in
Wheelbase: 58.5 in
Ground Clearance: 14.4 in
Dry Weight: 248 lb
Fuel Capacity: 2.1 gal

Kemaman 4 x 4 Club ( GEMBALLA ) and Kemaman Motorcross Club hasorganised a family trip from Kuala Tahan to Kota Gelanggi in Jengka takingKg Pagi and Kg Mak Dalim route
GEMBALLA departed from Chukai Kemaman at 4:30 p.m. A departure ceremonywas done by Yang DiPertua Majlis Pembandaran Kemaman ,Encik Mustofa B.Abdul Rahman,who is also a GEMBALA team member. Motorcross team departed at9.00 p.m. They arrived at Kuala Tahan at 2:30 a.m.

Due to limited time we camped near a bus stop. It was the first time we camped beside the road. Usually we camp near the rivers and waterfalls.

After light breakfast at the camp beside the road we left to Kg MakDalim at 10:00 a.m. We convoyed off on the off road. The logistic team stopped at Kg Pagi for some fresh water supply.We arrived at Kg Bantal at2:00 p.m. We rested after some 4 hour rough ride.

On the way to Kg Mak Dalim a 4 wheel drive driven by Pak Zuri with our photographer stopped due to tyre bolt arm came off.With the expertise and experience Pak Nan from the logistic team solved the problem.

Arrived at Kg Mak Dalim at 4:00 p.m we set up camps. Mothers started and make themselves busy with the cooking.Fathers and kids jumped into the river
Not much activities done on that night. Some chatted and some retire dearly due to long drive. About 10:00 p.m. it started to downpour. Some had to sleep in the vehicles due to tents leaked and collapsed.

Early next day at about 9:00 am we cleared our camp site. Before moved to Kota Gelingi, participants were briefed by Pak Awing team leader of the route and the challenges we were soon to face. Downpour had changed it into real tough off road ride.

We arrived at Felda Kota Gelinggi aborigin reservation at 5:00 pm.We rested at food stalls and later Gembala started their joourney home to Kemaman. Motocross team headed to Pusat Jengka mosque to refresh and to load their motorcycles onto a lorry.We arrived at Kemaman at 10:00 pm

Huntsman Tioxide with collaboration with Rakan Muda Kemaman is organising rafting expedition in Sg Teladas Air Putih.
This is one of the activities planned by Huntsman Toioxide Sport Club
The Program begins at Pekan Air Putih after Solat Jumaat .The adventure start with the journey from here to Camp site which is an hour using off road vehicle


Off-road motorized recreation with motorcycles or four-wheel all-terrain Vehicles (ATVs) has gained rapid Increases in popularity. Riders of all ages are learning to tour back country and race competitively in a wide variety of venues. Due to the high speeds, potential for injury can be high. However, injuries can be reduced in number and magnitude by following some basic safety principles. Preparation is the key to a safe, enjoyable ride.


A common misconception is that “the bike does all the work.” One must prepare for the ride by engaging in a pre-ride fitness program. Cardiovascular training is critical. Many riders will use bicycling on the road or trails to prepare themselves for their competition.
Strength training with emphasis on the large hip and leg muscles, trunk stabilizers and grip strength enhance the rider’s ability to control the dirt bike for extended periods. For beginning riders, training should consist of a general endurance, strength and flexibility program conducted several days per week. Do not ride to get in condition, be in condition to ride. Competitive riders should perform “cardio” training (jogging, treadmill, etc.) off the dirt bike at least five hours per week and weight train three days per week. Flexibility programs before every session on or off the bike can better prepare and increase the effectiveness of the training session. Working with a personal trainer knowledgeable in these sports and a techniques coach can increase a rider’s performance significantly.


Skill preparation and training can decrease injury potential and magnitude. Beginning riders should strongly consider a formal program such as those developed by the Motorcycle Safety Foundation (MSF) and supported by major motorcycle and ATV manufacturers (see www.dirtbikeschool.org). One must ride within one’s own skill level.
Initial training should be in open fields, dirt lots, or dirt roads or trails. Motocross tracks should be for more experienced riders. Individual tracks may have mini, veteran and main tracks for various levels of riders. The rider should ride on a track appropriate for his skill. Tracks should be evaluated for their commitment to safety with trained floggers, fences and on-site medical personnel. Children must always be supervised. When a rider desires to begin racing, he should obtain additional training and knowledge of racing techniques and rules prior to the first competition.


Protective equipment designed specifically for the sport and the individual must be worn whenever one is on the bike. The body should be protected from head to toe. When any item of protective gear is damaged, it must be replaced or repaired. MSF schools will provide equipment and bikes for the lessons, allowing beginning riders to experience the sport without needing to purchase equipment. The helmet should be designed for the sport with full face coverage including chin protection. The helmet should be worn at all times one is on the bike or on the track. Certification by the Snell Foundation ensures a quality helmet. Children’s helmets should be of the new design, not just mini-adult helmets.
If a helmet is damaged in any way, it should be replaced. Most manufacturers will check a helmet for integrity following a crash. Buying a used helmet is not recommended. Mouth guards are helpful to prevent dental and jaw injuries and may decrease head injury severity. Eye protection with sport-specific goggles should always be worn with the helmet.
The upper extremities and chest should be protected with a long-sleeved jersey, elbow pads and gloves. The chest, shoulder and upper arms should be protected with polycarbonate chest protector with shoulder and arm extensions. An alternative device is an under-jersey garment with protective cups and pads. Most riders will also wear a supportive lumbar spine (lower back) wrap.
The lower extremities can be well protected with motocross pants with hip and coccyx (“tail bone”) pads. The knees should be supported with a functional knee brace with a patellar (kneecap) cup. These braces come in many forms and prices and are available from local motorcycle dealers, by mail order or from your orthopedic surgeon. High boots designed for off-road riding should be worn by both dirt bike and ATV riders. They should fit well and be secured prior to starting the machine.


Additional protective equipment, such as neck rolls, custom knee braces and wrist braces, are sometimes used but their effectiveness in preventing or reducing injury has not yet been determined.


The vehicle must also be well-prepared and suited for the event. Riders should choose a bike or ATV appropriate for their age, size and experience level.
Most states will not allow children under 16 to ride larger bikes and ATVs. A pre-ride inspection is always performed including inspection of the tires and wheels; inspection of controls, lights and electric as equipped; oil and other fluids; and inspection of the chassis including the suspension and drive chain. Maintenance of the bike should be performed regularly to prevent catastrophic failure. Off-road riding is a fun recreational and competitive sport enjoyed by increasing numbers of male and female athletes of all ages. Although injuries do occur their frequency and severity can be decreased by improving the rider’s fitness and skill level, using the proper protective equipment, making the correct bike choice and maintaining it in excellent condition, and by riding within one’s own ability.
Expert Consultants:
Paul R. Reiman, MD
Steven J. Augustine, DO
Sports Tips are brought to you by the American Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine. They provide general information only and are not a substitute for your own good judgment or consultation with a physician. To order multiple copies of this fact sheet or learn more about other orthopedic sports medicine topics, please
Visit www.sportsmed.org.
Copyright © 2008. American Orthopedics
Society for Sports Medicine. All rights reserved.
Multiple copy reproduction prohibited.

How to Drive Off-Road

Posted by Pok Yah | 10:51 PM

People who own off-road vehicles want to drive on different terrains for an exciting driving experience. Off-road driving can usually be performed by numerous models of 4x4 trucks and sport utility vehicles. Keep these things in mind if you plan to drive off-road. Read on to learn how to drive off-road
Check the area for any possible danger. Survey the area that you plan to take the vehicle off-road. You need to see if there is any debris on the ground that can cause damage to your vehicle.
Go slow around corners. You should go at a low speed around corners while off-road driving. This will make a smoother ride.
Increase your speed at a modest rate. When you are going up or down hills off-road, you should start in a low gear and then pick up speed in a gradual manner. Pushing down on the gas can cause the vehicle to slide on slippery surfaces.
Brake smoothly. Do not brake suddenly because it can cause you to lose control of the vehicle.
Sign up for an off-road driving course. For inexperienced drivers, this may be the safest option for taking your vehicle off-road. These are closed courses in a controlled setting with professionals helping you drive the vehicle.